This article describes the phonology of Standard Arve, based on the Raston dialect.
|Plosive||p b||t d||ts||ʈʂ||c ɟ||k g||ʔ|
The glottal stop is limited in distribution, appearing only at morpheme boundaries.
While /x/ and /h/ have different spellings and diachronic sources, they never contrast: /x/ can only appear word-medially, and /h/ can only appear word-initially (where it is excrescent and unwritten) and word-finally. /x/ comes from Written Arve x
, which could not appear word-initially; /h/ comes from Writtend Arve d g
when word-final, as well as from x
in that position.
|Front||Frönt||Back||Båck||F. dəph.||F. döph.||B. dəph.|
The contrast between øə and ɛu is minimal: besides dialectal borrowings and irregular developments which may or may not exist (todo)
, they only contrast before final -h, and there only in the pair steug
/çɛuh/ vs. skävd
/çøəh/. In general, øə appears before coronals and uvulars, and ɛu otherwise.
High and mid vowels do not contrast with centering diphthongs before uvulars. /ɞ ʌ ʊ/ do not contrast with /ʌi œy ʊi/ before palatals.
The Raston standard has three unstressed vowels: /ɐ ɪ ʊ/.