The adjective megadelanean
refers to the Megadelanean sea, also known as Megadelania (Megadelanya
, in Hellesan). From the point of view of linguistics megadelanean
are the languages within the Megadelanean macrofamily, discussed below.
Dates are given according to the Megadelanic Reckoning (in Hellesan, Prendre Megadelànid
). The dates that take place from the year 1 onwards of this reckoning are marked as 'MR' "Megadelanic Reckoning", and these that took place before it, as 'BMR' "Before the Megadelanic Reckoning". If a year appears with the number only it is considered 'MR'.
The Megadelanean macrofamily
The Megadelanean macrofamily
is a large family of languages that advocates for a genetic relation between the well attested Satic and Megadelanic families. The strengthening of this macrofamily has a long history, with various models that have tried to establish the exact relations between one and the other family.
The Satic and Megadelanic families. The synchronic models
Thanks to comparative linguistics applied to the languages of the Megadelanean sea it was possible to determine, in the first half of the 36th century, the Megadelanic family. In this family linguists considered Hellesan and its direct ancestor, Peran, as well as other ancient tongues that were spoken in the eastern Megadelanean. In that classification, though, linguists didn't include a few languages discovered in Caledia and Zares a few decades ago by archeology because practically nothing was known about them. The few preserved evidences were some clay tablets with weird symbols used to represent an unknown writing system that the experts of that time believed to be pictographic, although nobody was able to decipher it.
In 3531 Felz Ficarott determined that the symbols, in fact, were used to represent one hieroglyphic and two syllabic writings, the hieroglyphic one being much older than the other two. Ficarott came to this conclusion thanks to a partial deciphering of both syllabaries when he demonstrated that from the most recent, which he named Sateu 2
, derived the Peran semi-syllabary. In turn Sateu 2 seemed to derive from the other one, Sateu 1, necessarily older, as it was lately demonstrated. The common lexical elements between both writings found in Caledia and Zares led Ficarott to determine that they belonged to two different tongues or, perhaps, two dialects of the same language. Therefore the language represented in the Caledian tablets was named satecaledi
"true Caledian" and the one written in the tablets found in Zares, satezarant
Due to these mutual ties both languages were grouped in a new family, named sàtide
"truthful" (angliziced as Satic
), since experts saw in them the tongues with the oldest written rests of the Megadelanean and, therefore, the first true literary languages of that sea.
The first classificatory proposal of the ancient languages of Eastern Megadelanean
based on Felz Ficarott's discoveries, published in 3531.
Thanks to the advances made by Ficarott, philologists H. Simans and A. M. Benzenna were able to identify a few cognates between the Satic and the Megadelanic languages, although it was impossible for them to determine what genetic relations tied both families. Despite all this Benzenna already proposed to unite the Satic tongues within the Megadelanic languages of insular origin ―which he named Protohellesic―, both grouped into a Megadelanean macrofamily, in the as yet known as 'genetic synchronic model'. Simans, on the other hand, defended a non-genetic and contemporary relation of the Satic and Megadelanic languages, as explained in his 'non-genetic synchronic model'. Benzenna and Simans only agreed on the effort to fit the evolutive stages of those languages within the Minean migrations1
From left to right, Felz Ficarott, H. Simans, A. M. Benzenna, F. Lavalet and J. Haydobs.
The genetic synchronic model
According to the genetic synchronic model the most archaic examples of Megadelanean languages, that is the Satic and the earliest forms of the Hellesic ones, where contemporary (synchronic) and related (genetic) tongues spoken in the Hellesid islands circa 650 MR. In the context of the Minean migrations some of the Megadelanean languages (the Satic tongues) disappeared, while some others (the Protohellesic tongues) survived and lasted enough time as to become mixed with the languages brought by the various invading peoples of the Minean period. Thanks to that a new family of languages was born, the Megadelanic languages, which in the islands gave birth to the Hellesic subfamily and, out of them, to the Enolic and Azaric2
The non-genetic synchronic model
The non-genetic synchronic model, on the other hand, defended that the Satic languages were contemporary (synchronic) with the most archaic forms of the Hellesic languages, having both groups different origins (non-genetic). While scholars like F. Lavalet or J. Haydobs defended, thanks to comparative linguistics, that both groups were native to the islands, others, like Simans, believed that only the Satic tongues originated in Hellesania, while the Protohellesic were born outside the archipelago, probably Enolia, since in that epoch in Tassalada, bordering southern Enolia, rests of new archaic languages and writings contemporray to the moment of the Minean invasions were being discovered.
In any case those who defended this model believed that the Satic and the Protohellesic tongues interacted in such a way that allowed them a high degree of mutual comprehension to the point that they mixed and fused togheter and with other foreign languages, as it couldn't be any other way in a sociocultural context like that, so prone to syncretism and miscegenation. With the last migrations of the period, those scholars guessed, the newborn languages were transported outside the islands, moment in which the three Megadelanic subfamilies were formed: Hellesic, Enolic and Azaric.
The Satic writings. The asynchronous model
The lack of an enough large and varied corpus of Satic texts acted in detriment of Benzenna's proposal and favored the view of Simans, which was hegemonic until the beginnings of the 37th century, when archaeology began to provide much more Satic written materials in the shape of symbols engraved in stone, bronze plates and clay and baked clay dtablets. Thanks to dating and paleography methods it was possible to determine that the symbols engraved in stone were the oldest, going back at least to the end of the Period of the Wise Kings or the beginning of the Period of the Heroes.
Later it was discovered that those petroglyphs had a much older origin, going back to the engraved and painted pictograms found in caves thorughout the Hellesid islands and the eastern Megadelanean, from Enolia to the Rodis and from Aucadia to Marnunt, the oldest of which have been dated around the Period of the Great Mother (c. 5400 BMR). These pictograms, though, probably only represented ideas and things, without being involved in a writing system to represent any language. It's from 480 BMR onwards that the uses and typologies of these pictograms have evolved enough as to develop the Satic hieroglyphs, truly the first Satic writing system.
As for Satic hieroglyphs, those engraved in stone use to appear in pairs or groups of a few symbols, and belong to the most archaic stage of the hieroglyphic writing which, it is thought, fundamentally had a religious use, since that engraved stones belong to cult places (mountain peaks, grottos and caves, where the symbols had a votive nature, to venerate and invoke) or to masonry works, especially temples, palaces and cyclopean constructions (where the symbols, beyond its religious use, would also have an apotropaic and fundational use). Further forward the hieroglyphs would be used in an economic context, belonging to these cases the symbols engraved in bronze plates, clay or baked clay, which would be lists of the products arrived at the palaces and redistributed from the same.
From that hieroglyphic writing used in the inventory of palace products ultimately derived Sateu 1 and Sateu 2, being Sateu 1 the reorganization of the hieroglyphs into a semi-syllabary used to also represent the Satic languages. Texts written in Sateu 1 show the same uses as the hieroglyph texts as well as some others, like property marks in private objects and religious or magic formulas. There's no evidence of literary texts, although it's very probable that they existed, but they would be written on papyrus or parchment, less likely on baked clay, clay or stone. Sateu 2 was also a semi-syllabary, but derives from Sateu 1 directly and represents a middle stage in the achievement of a truly alphabetic writing. That vision on the evolution of Satic writings has not changed much since it was established in the 37th century.
In that epoch archaeology also unearthed from oblivion two more languages: Tamarian and Garamete, so named for the peoples that used them: the Tamarians, native to Tavissa, and the Garametes, the peoples of Garamance. The tables from Tavissa and Garamance demonstrated that those two languages used Sateu 1 and Sateu 2, and their transcription proved their genetic relationship with Satecaledian and Satezarian. Thus was completed the Satic family of languages, which with those four languages in study proved that Sates spread from one end to the other of the Hellesid islands. That arrangement of the Satic family was increased including Ambruscian, Sargonic and Hiborete shortly after.
On the other hand, later studies and research put more light on the Megadelanic family, which was increased and divided into four subfamilies: Hellesic, with Festian, Ostravian, Frigolic, Ambrusc and Sargonic, all of them considered Protoperanic tongues; Enolic, with Elamnian, Zaute and Drusne; Music3
, with Musian and Tiquerian; and Cernupine4
, with Nuric and Caperic.
The genetic asynchronous model
All these discoveries made the scientific community to abandon the theories of the non-genetic synchronous model and revived the interest for the genetic relations between the Satic and Megadelanic languages. From that linguists such as Agthnar or Aïndle established a third evolutive theory, the genetic asynchronous model.
According to the genetic asynchronous model the family of Satic languages appeared before that of the Megadelanic languages and, in fact, the Satic are the mother languages of the Megadelanic tongues. Therefore there's a kinship relationship between both families. From the Satic languages the first forms of Hellesic languages arose, named Protohellesic, which in the context of the Minean migrations got mixed with foreign tongues. The resulting new languages were brought to Eurede and the Rodis, where they gave birth to the Enolic, Cernupine and Music subfamilies.
The Megadelanean macrofamily and the transchronic model
Despite the impossibility of fully deciphering the Satic languages, recent philological studies have substantially increased the number of identifiable cognates between Sate and the Megadelanic languages, therefore reinforcing the idea of a closer relationship between both families. This and other linguistic and archaeological discoveries have made necessary to establish a fourth evolutive theory, the genetic transchronic model, which takes ideas from the genetic asynchronous and genetic synchronous models.
The genetic transchronic model
The genetic transchronic model postulates that the Satic are the oldest languages with a writing tradition in the Megadelanean. Their origins go back to prehistory, as demonstrated by Satic hieroglyphs, and they'd be first Megadelanean languages to develop writing systems to be permanently represented. Thses languages evolved and prolonged their existence through many centuries. The expansion of Satecaledian to the Mindheledes, southern Amarodi, Tavissa and Zares started the period of the Minean migrations, which brought new languages to the islands, some of which got mixed with Satecaledian, then the dominant language in the archipelago. From that fusion the Protohellesic languages were born, which ended giving birth the Megadelanic family with its four regional branches. During all that process the Satic languages continued existing and evolving in parallel with Protohellesic tongues, from which they received a certain influence. Thus, by the time in which the Megadelanic family was completely formed, the Satic tongues already evolved into the Neosatic languages. These still enjoyed some centuries of existence and relative vitality surrounded by a whole spectrum of languages (Festian, Ostravian, Ambruscian, Peran, Sarden…) becoming more and more intelligible with the Peran language until this one, finally, completely assimilated them.
On the other hand, the linguistic mix that was taking place in the eastern Megadelanean sea led to a pidgin, Common Megadelanic, which remained active for three millenniums. Some scholars, though, disagree that in those times a common Megadelanean tongue already existed, and prefer to talk about a linguistic common base to the languages emerged from the Minean migrations that would share certain grammatical and lexical traits, without implying a lingua franca.
The Megadelanean macrofamily
In the last decades the Megadelanean macrofamily has been showing itself less theoretic and more real. This has been possible thanks to the implementation of the comparative method with the Satic and Megadelanic languages, but also to a careful and rigorous study of hundreds of Satic inscriptions and texts that have brought light upon the structure, lexic and kinship relationships of these languages. Recently, Common Megadelanic (sambre megadelànid
, in Hellesan), also known as sambre
, have been added to Satic studies. Common Megadelanic or Sambre took shape in the context of the Minean migrations as a pidgin of Satic and foreign languages that arrived to the eastern Megadelanean sea. Later, during the Peran and Sarden rule, that tongue had become the lingua franca of the peoples living in the shores of the eastern Megadelean sea. This is why the ongoing revival and study of Sambre is so important to spell out the secrets Sate and the origins of the Hellesan language, always with the help of genetics, mythology, paleoanthropology and archaeology.
The Megadelanean macrofamily
, spread from the north of the Rodis to the Aus crossing the Hellesid Islands, noy only shows common words and roots but also shared syntactic structures i morphological elements. If definitively proved by science it could constitute the linguistic evidence of the Minean migrations, echoed by Peran mythology, classical authors and archaeology.
The macrofamily groups two families of languages: the Megadelanic languages
and the Satic languages
● The Megadelanic family
groups a series of languages spoken in the Megadelanean sea. They are divided into four subfamilies:
● The Hellesanic
subfamily groups the languages directly derived from [link|Sate
]. The oldest testified forms were dialects or tongues strictly related to Sate that incorporated many elements from other Megadelanean languages thanks to the Minean migrations. These languages were Festian
, all of them spoken in the Hellesid archipelago and grouped under the modern name Archaic Peran
. Festian became a literary language during the White Palaces civilization, influencing and finally absorbing his sister languages. From that moment a new language was taking shape, Old Peran
, common ancestor of Tassalot
, which evolved into modern Tassalean
, and Middle Peran
, the preceding dialect of Hellesan
● The Enolic
subfamily was spoken in Enolia, and groups Elamnian
. Drusne evolved into Old Ruscan
, which gave birth to Ruscan
, while Rose
directly comes from Drusne and has a tuly notable influence from Ausean languages, especially regarding the lexicon and certain syntactic forms. Elamnian and Zaute got extincted.
● The Music
subfamily groups Musian
. Musian is the ancestor of modern Azaret
, while Tiquerian got extincted.
● The Cernupine
subfamily groups Nuric
, two languages or diasystems spoken in antiquity in the western Megadelanean. Caperic got extincted under the pression of Sarden and the Megadelanic Lingua Franca, while Nuric progressively faded away until it was saved from extinction thanks to the revival promoted by monastic communities settled in Shardana during the Dark Age, which contributed with Sardaniese elements to the language, becoming modern Shardan
, in Hellesan).
● The Satic family
groups the languages or dialects written in Sateu 1 and Sateu 2, two related writing systems used by the Satic civilization and found in archaeological excavations along the eastern Megadelanean sea. These tongues are Satecaledian
The current classificatory proposal of Megadelanean languages.
Mineans were some peoples that according to mythology and the classic sources lived in the Hellesid Islands long before the arrival of Perans. Of unknown origin they could came from another land or have close ties with the islands, or both things perhaps. Circa 400 BMR Mineans started important migratory movements along the Southern Mindheledes and Caledia due to reasons unknown, although it seems that the coming of foreign peoples to the islands, probably from Eurede through Enolia, facilitated that. It is believed, in fact, that Mineans are nothing but the mix of the insular natives (Sates) and those foreigners (various peoples, among them the Singadians, as demonstrated by historical sources). The first major wave of the Minean migrations (named "First Migrations") had its maximum during the 3rd century BMR, when the Satic languages and the tongues of the foreign peoples met and mutually influenced in the eastern Megadelanean basin. The second major wave started at the end of the first century of the first millennium, carrying the Satic languages to Eurede and the Rodis and finishing off the Minean migrations.2. Azàrida
“Azaric” was the name given to the subfamily of languages from which Azaret comes. With further discoveries that subfamily was renamed músida
“Music”, from Musian, the most important tongue of this subfamily.3.
The Music family was formerly named Azaric, represented by a single language named Azarian. When it was discovered that this was the native tongue of Musians it was named again musi
or lamne músida
"Music language" in Hellesan. From this language evolved Azaret and, consequently, the family was renamed músida
. On the other hand, Tiquerian is a language discovered a few decades ago and from which we know practically nothing.4.
The Cernupine family was the latest to be established due to the late discovery of Megadelanic inscriptions in Nurga and the Caberian Islands. Nuric and Caperic would be formed from Megadelanic tongues arrived through Enolia amd Sigania, reason why they show so many similarities with Drusne and Elamnian, despite having an important autochthonous base.