Class I Verbs
Subject pronouns are sometimes suffixed to verbs to mark person. They clarify person when ambiguous, but do not take the emphatic force of an independent pronoun.
The past tense is not conjugated by default, but may be conjugated using the subject pronoun suffixes, in which case the stem changes and the second syllable is stressed, except in the 1.PL and 2.PL forms.
The present tense is not conjugated by default, but may be conjugated using the subject pronoun suffixes. Note that 1.PL and 2.PL retain the mekhfea
. Note that this tense covers most notions of the simple present.
The imperfect tense covers a variety of uses, including the present tense and future tense. Its aspect is imperfective, but bound by the present, meaning it indicates an action that is presently being initiated and will continue into an indeterminate time. Certain uses, such as the present continuous and the future tense can be clarified with an auxiliary.
In some periphrastic constructions and set phrases, Ajam prefers to use a true imperfective — an archaic verb form that signifies ongoing action which is neither bound at beginning or end. In nearly all cases, tense is clear from a previous verb or by context.
Present Continuous Tense
The present continuous may be expressed simply by the imperfect. However, it may also be expressed periphrastically with a'ëd
The future may often be expressed by the imperfect. However, it may also be expressed periphrastically with nefës
before the present continuous.
Exhortative verbs implore an action be undertaken: "must," "should," "ought".
Subjunctive verbs ask a question, or indicate uncertainty or surprise
Prohibitive verbs are negative imperatives.