There are three bound cases in Old Inggirian.
The genitive expresses possession or composition, in the sense of the genitivus partitivus
. It is formed with the morpheme -wag̃
The dative marks indirect objects of ditransitive verbs, as well as benefactive objects. It is marked with the morpheme -yoka
The locative marks the location or goal of an action. It is formed with the suffix -ag̃o
There are two cases that are marked by postpositions, the ablative and the comitative. They are still considered cases because they are syntactically obligatory in certain contexts, but they are still clearly separate morphemes, since like other postpositions they can occur phrase-initially without a modified noun to express a generic or resumptive meaning.
The ablative, marked with the postposition dagi
, expresses cause or instrument of action or origin of motion.
The comitative, marked with the postposition megi
, expresses being together with something or someone.
The personal pronouns have a separate accusative case, marked by -(y)a
. The pronoun paradigms are as follows:
There is also a reflexive pronoun ece
. However, unlike the other pronouns, it has no special accusative form.
The pronouns can be cliticized to other words, either in their nominative forms or the dative. In the former case, they express possession (eba-lu
, "his father"); in the latter, a they signal the appropriate object to a verb (ayu-ldayoka bokuyawa
, "I gave this to them"). The clitic forms are slightly opaque, and listed below:
The reflexive pronoun also has clitic forms. These are -(e)ce