Karch's scratchpad
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? Karch posts: 13
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So Proto-Namic's phonology is usually reconstructed (here presented in transcription as we can't know what it sounded like as it wasn't written) like this:
*p *t *c *ṭ *c̣ *ť *č *k *k° *ʔ *ʔ°
*b *d *ʒ *ḍ *ʒ̇ *ď *ǯ *g *g°
*m *n *nz *ṇ *ñ *ŋ *ŋ°
*v *s *z *ṣ *ẓ *š *ž *x *x° *h *h°
*w *r *l *ṛ *ḷ *y

*i *e *o *a *į *ę *ǫ *ą *i°

Now there are of course some branches, one of them is Namican proper. Its defining features are the collapse of the retroflex and palatal series into one, desibilation of the only sibilant nasal and a vowel chain shift (usually called the Namican vowel shift) which went smth like this: i° o i~ e~ o~ a~ -> y u a i: e: u: a:. The most prominent language of the Namican branch is of course Namic /nɛmɪk/, which has acquired a rather marginal tonal contrast through the collapse of the voiced and voiceless stop series.
Another branch is (of course) still unnamed, so we'll call it Whatever for the purposes of the post. I'll elaborate on that one later when I'll actually have some PN words, so - watch this space.
? Hallow XIII Primordial Crab
posts: 508
, 巴塞尔之子
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Was *i° independently phonemic, or is it just a convenience symbol for *i in rounded environments?
? Karch posts: 13
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*i and *i° seem to merge in rounded environments (into a vowel that evolved as if it was *i in Namican proper but *i° in Whateveric.), so *i° is mostly phonemic.
? Karch posts: 13
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Proto-Namican is still a rather unreasonable target, let's start with Proto-Namicish (Namican proper):

*p *t *c *ṭ *č *k *k° *ʔ
*b *d *ʒ *ḍ *ǯ *g *g°
*m *n *ṇ *ñ *ŋ
*v *s *z *ṣ *ž *x *x° *h
*w *l *ṛ *γ

*i *ü *e *a *u *i· *ü· *e· *a· *u·
*ɛ̣ *ạ *ọ (These vowels probably were long and backed)

Here are thus some preliminary sound changes to Namic proper:
(T = voiceless stops, D = voiced stops)
ṣ -> ł̣
{i ü u} -> 0 / T_C(C)(C)V
x -> š / _{i ü e a}
xy -> š
e -> ä / Cγ_
u -> o / Cγ_
ɛ̣ ạ ọ -> e· a· o·
ä· -> a·
ü -> ö
i·ʔ ü·ʔ u·ʔ e·ʔ a·ʔ o·ʔ-> i ü u e a o / _#, _C
iγ üγ uγ eγ aγ oγ -> i· ü· u· e· a· o· / _C, _#
{t c ṭ č k k°} -> {tʰ cʰ ṭʰ čʰ kʰ kʰ°} / _Vh, _Vx, _Vx°
{t c ṭ č k k°} -> {tʰ cʰ ṭʰ čʰ kʰ kʰ°} / _h
{t ṭ k} -> {tt ṭṭ kk} / ʔ_
ʔ -> 0
γ -> ž / _{i ü e ö ä}
γ -> w / _{u o a}
γ -> 0
kʰ° -> v
ṇ -> ŋ / _{u o a}, {u o a}_
ṇ -> n
x -> h
h -> 0
v -> 0 / _i
v -> w 
z and ž become less fricated over time
DV -> TV̀
VD -> V̀T
D -> T

And some examples:

ne·ʔmik -> nemik [nɛmɪk] 'Namic' pn.
u·žγu-n -> uoʒon [uːj̟ɔn] 'to go' v
ʔitagu -> ttakù [tːɐɡʊ̀] 'clap' n.
xeži -> sceʒi [ʃɛj̟ɪ] 'breath' n.
xüwide-n -> scọwitèn [ʃœwɪdɛ̀n] 'to disappear, to vanish' v.
ṣiγu-n -> ḷiwun [ꞎɪwʊn] 'to torture, to make someone bleed' v.

And I somehow managed to completely forgot to post Namic phonology, so here it is:

p t ʦ ʈ ʧ k kʷ <p t ts ṭ c k kw>
tː ʈː kː <tt ṭṭ kk>
tʰ ʦʰ ʈʰ ʧʰ kʰ <th tsh ṭh ch kh>
m n ɲ ŋ ŋʷ <m n ñ ŋ ŋw>
s ꞎ ʃ xʷ <s ḷ sc hw>
l z ɻ ʒ w <l z r ʒ w>

ɪ ʊ ɛ œ ɔ æ ɐ <i u e ọ o æ a>
iː yː uː eː oː aː <ie ọy uo ei ou aa>
? Karch posts: 13
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Mrah (from Mrah <'mhra> [m̥ʰɐrˈraː] meaning "what") is a language spoken on the other side of the continent the Namican languages are spoken in.
It has a rather unremarkable consonant inventory and a rather large vowel inventory of 2 x 5 vowels, organized in two vowel harmony sets:
/p t c k ʔ/ <p t c k 7>
/m n ɲ ŋ/ <m n ny ng>
/h/ <h>
/w r lʲ/ <w r l>

1: /i e æ o u/ <i e a o u>
2: /ɪ ɛ a ɔ ʊ/ <i e a o u>
The second harmonic set is marked by an apostrophe before the word.
Mrah syllable ( = word) structure is (S)C(R)V(V2)(N), where S = stops and nasals, R = liquids, V2 = {i u} (but sequences of two same consecutive vowels aren't allowed and become single vowels when underlying) and N = {ŋ, ʔ}

Verbs pt. 1



There is a TAM/evidential particle after the verb. Its template is evidential-subject+object person marking-tense after transitive verbs and evidential-subject person marking-tense after intransitive verbs (note: subject marks for number as well, object doesn't).
'kou m-n-aeat firsthand-1sg>3-prs
I eat it.
se p-l-orun hearsay-2sg>3-pst
You run.
Mang se m-r-a-ng 7-ri teMang run firsthand-3sg>3-prs 3.poss-house into
Mang runs into his house.
? Rhetorica Sleepless Scribe
posts: 1249
, Kelatetía: Dis, Major Belt 1
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You can't name a language "what" without providing backstory! Is it an endonym or the hilarious product of first contact?